Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti : An Introduction
In accordance of the National Policy of Education (1986) Government of India started Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs). Presently the JNVs are spread in 27 States and 7 Union Territories. These are co-educational residential schools fully financed and administered by Government of India through an autonomous organization, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti. Admission in JNVs are made through the Jawahar Navodaya Selection Test (JNVST) at Class VI. The medium of instruction in JNVs is the mother-toung or regional language up to class VIII and English thereafter for Maths and Science and Hindi for Social Science. Students of the JNVs appear for X and XII class examination of the Central Board of Secondary Education. While education in the schools is free including boarding, lodging, uniforms and textbooks, a nominal fee of Rs.200/- per month will have to be paid by the children from IX to XII class. However, children belonging to SC/ST, girls, physically handicapped and from the families whose income is below poverty line are exempted from payment of fees.
· to provide good quality modern education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas, without regard to their family's socio-economic condition.
· to serve, in each district, as focal points for improvements in quality of school education in general through sharing of experiences and facilities.
LOCATION AND DEMOGRAPHY (JNV Chandigarh)
Chandigarh, the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, it is known as one of the best experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in the twentieth century in India.
Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of "Chandi Mandir" located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity 'Chandi', the goddess of power and a fort of 'garh' laying beyond the temple gave the city its name "Chandigarh-The City Beautiful".
The city has a pre-historic past. The gently sloping plains on which modern Chandigarh exists, was in the ancient past, a wide lake ringed by a marsh. The fossil remains found at the site indicate a large variety of aquatic and amphibian life, which was supported by that environment. About 8000 years ago the area was also known to be a home to the Harappans.
In March, 1948, the Government of Punjab, in consultation with the Government of India, approved the area of the foothills of the Shivaliks as the site for the new capital. The location of the city site was a part of the erstwhile Ambala district as per the 1892-93 gazetteer of District Ambala.
The foundation stone of the city was laid in 1952. Subsequently, at the time of reorganization of the state on 01.11.1966 into Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pardesh, the city assumed the unique distinction of being the capital city of both, Punjab and Haryana while it itself was declared as a Union Territory and under the direct control of the Central Government.
The basic geographical and demographic profile of Chandigarh is as under:
Area : 114 sq kms
Longitude : 760 47' 14E
Latitude : 300 44' 14N
Altitude : 304-365 meters above MSL with 1% drainage gradient
Annual Rainfall (average) : 1110.7 mm
Monsoon : July-September
Temperature : Winter Min. (Nov.-Jan, 2006) 10 C-160 C
Summer : Max. (April-July) 270C-440C
Prevalent Winds : From the North West to South East in Winter and reverse in Summer